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Different types of therapy and counselling

You will meet with a therapist for up to three initial sessions and together you and the therapist will decide what would be the best way forward. This may be to continue to work together, or it could be suggested that another type of therapy would be more appropriate, and this may be with a different therapist. There is a description below of the therapies offered at the Brandon Centre and an information leaflet about our services available here.


Counselling and Psychotherapy

Counselling and psychotherapy provide a regular time and space for you to talk about your troubles and explore difficult feelings in an environment that is dependable, free from intrusion and confidential. A counsellor or psychotherapist will respect your viewpoint while helping you to deal with specific problems, cope with crises, improve your relationships, or develop better ways of living.

Counsellors and psychotherapists don’t usually offer advice. Instead, they help you to gain insight into your feelings and behaviour and to change your behaviour, if necessary. They do this by listening to what you have to say and commenting on it from their particular professional perspective.

At the Brandon Centre the counsellors and psychotherapists are highly trained and specialise in applying their skills for working with young people. Most are trained in a psychodynamic model. This model is based on the idea that past experiences influence feelings and experiences in the present. Important relationships in early childhood may be replayed with other people as one is growing up and in later life. Part of the role of the counsellor is to help you to be aware of this as well as addressing your current problems and concerns.

The counsellor is dependable, consistent and supportive, and someone with whom a trusting relationship develops. At the Brandon Centre we can offer this type of help for up to 12 months if this is needed.


Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is a type of talking therapy that helps you to understand how your thoughts, images, and beliefs (cognitions) relate to how you behave, and the impact of these on how you feel. It can be helpful for a range of problems, such as managing stress, depression, anxiety, eating disorders, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
CBT tends to be a short-term therapy, taking three to six months, but can be extended according to your individual needs. You would usually attend weekly sessions lasting 50 minutes, and you may do small tasks in between the sessions as part of the therapy. Your therapist works together with you to understand what the problems are and develop strategies to tackle them. CBT focuses on what is going on in the here and now rather than the past, but it will also explore how thinking patterns may have begun when you were younger, and how events in your past have shaped the way that you currently think, feel and behave. You would gain skills to apply to other areas of your life, which will help you to cope with future difficulties.


Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT)

Dynamic Interpersonal Therapy (DIT) is a 16-session weekly psychodynamic psychotherapy for older adolescents (17 years and above) who are experiencing depression. The sessions last 50 minutes and provide you with a safe place to talk openly about how you feel and to understand what might be causing your difficulties. It focuses on emotional and relationship problems by exploring earlier childhood experiences, because these early experiences form our sense of who we are and affect the way in which we relate to others.

You will work collaboratively with the therapist so that you are both clear about the expectations and goals of the therapy. It is expected that you will notice improvements through symptom relief, new ways of understanding yourself and how you relate to others, and how others relate to you, and you will develop a greater capacity to understand others.


Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) is a talking therapy for people who are feeling low in mood and have symptoms of depression. It is time-limited and structured; it usually takes place over 16 weekly sessions, and the sessions last 50 minutes. The therapist will be concerned with how the problems that you are having affect your relationships with family and friends, and/or relationships in school/college/work, and how these difficulties can add to you feeling low in yourself. IPT focuses mainly on relationship issues, because it has been found that better interpersonal relationships are linked with improvements in mood. IPT therefore aims to help people make changes in their relationships to help them feel better in themselves.